Tripura is a land-locked State, surrounded by Bangladesh with the length of 856 Km international border while it shares 53 Km border with Assam and 109 Km border with Mizoram. The State is situated in highly disaster prone and seismic zone-V areas. Tripura is the second highest in terms of density of population among the North-Eastern States i.e., next to Assam. The provisional population of Tripura Census-2011 was 36,71,032 and also shows that the State ranks 18th position in terms of density of population, although, it is the third smallest State in terms of area in the country after Goa and Sikkim. Tripura comes second next to Assam in-respect of population and population density among the North Eastern States of India.
Tripura lives in villages. The rural population forms 82.94 percent of total population as per result of Census-2011. Upliftment of rural poor as well as improvement in the quality of life through proper infrastructural facilities of the economically weaker sections of the society has been one of the basic objectives of development planning of the State.
Housing deserves significant attention in the context of developing policies and strategies for human development. The housing sector has been globally used as an engine to propel the economic growth as it generates employment and demand in the market for building materials etc. On the other hand, shortage of housing is a big impediment in the healthy development of an individual and consequently the society, and the State.
In our State house building scenario is very poor and this is mainly because of the high cost. What contributes to this high cost is not only the cost of conventional materials like Cement, Stone, Steel, Bricks, GCI Sheet, Aluminum, Tiles, Marble, Plywood, Electrical goods and Sanitary items etc but also due to high transportation cost as materials are mostly imported from outside state particularly Eastern and Northern parts of India and cost of labour wages as most of skilled laborers migrated from other parts of India due to lack of skills knowledge & training among the local construction workers.
Apart from high cost house building scenario, conventional Building industry contributes more than 40% carbon emission to the atmosphere which is main cause of Global warming and climate change.
In this circumstance, adoption of energy efficiency, appropriate, disaster resistant, affordable technologies with nonconventional locally available building materials can be the best alternative approach in construction sector for the State particularly in Housing sector towards Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) and Climate Change adoption (CCA) activities in the State.